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  • Publication
    Impact Assessment of Eastern Nile Watershed Management Interventions for Scaling up Final Summary Report for Ethiopia and Sudan Pilot Watershed Management Projects
    Integrated watershed management has been receiving priority attention in the Eastern Nile Basin Countries because of serious natural resources degradation that also damaged the livelihood of the resident communities. It continues to be critical for rehabilitation of the natural resources not only for reducing environmental degradation, but also for tapping its full potential and improve the living condition of the communities in these areas. Accordingly, two pilot watershed management projects in Ethiopia and Sudan have been implemented. This report thus focuses on the impact assessment of the two-pilot watershed management projects in the two countries; Tana Belese Integrated Watershed Management Project (TBIWSMP) in Ethiopia and Community Watershed Management (CWM) Project in Sudan. The assessment of the pilot EN watershed management projects assembled number of facts that brought visible impacts in different dimensions that have the potential for scaling up adapted to the specific agroecological/environmental and socioeconomic framework. The impact assessment result is indicated for each of the three sections (biophysical, socioeconomic and institutional capacity impacts assessments) that will be discussed in the results section of this report.
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  • Publication
    Opportunities for Cooperative Water Resources Development on the Eastern Nile: Risks and Rewards. Final Report.
    This document is an independent report of the JMP scoping study team to the Eastern Nile Council of Ministers (ENCOM) commissioned by the World Bank. The technical analysis presented in the report attempted: to explore the Eastern Nile as a river system shared by three countries; and to identify both the physical potential of the river system to yield opportunities for cooperative development and the risks of cooperation and non-cooperation. For the study, a computer simulation model of the river basin (modified DST/Decision Support Tool) was deployed that incorporates information about the countries’ water resources infrastructure, current water uses, and existing development plans. Activities involved in analyzing the most promising EN sub-basin for a first set of investments along the lines of those of the broad JMP concept: the Abay-Blue Nile sub-basin in Ethiopia offered the best opportunity for such investments (provides multi-purpose benefits; spurs benefits to all riparian states; and causes no regrets). Subsequent analytical work focused on alternative scenarios for development in the Abay-Blue Nile sub-basin.